All you need to know about Bricks

The oldest structures are usually masonry structures which are built using masonry units with mortar. The masonry units consist of- clay bricks, concrete blocks, structural clay tiles, stone masonry and bricks.


The brick may be a solid unit of building which features a standard weight and size whose history are often traced back thousands of years nearly 7500 BCE. The fired clay makes the clay bricks. The composition of clay differs.

Silica, alumina, lime, iron, manganese, sulfur, and phosphates of various proportions make the clay. the typical density of clay bricks is 125pcf. By grinding and crushing clay in mills and mixing them with water to form it plastic, after which the plastic clay is molded, dried, and eventually fired to make the brick.

The reminder bricks depend upon the hearth temperature during manufacturing, some are red , dark brown, dull brown. The temperature for firing varies from 900◦C to 1200◦C (1650◦F to 2200◦F).

What are the uses of bricks?

  1. It are often used as a Structural Unit

    Clay bricks or burnt bricks are inevitably strong, durable, immune to abrasion and fire, hard, which is why they're used as a structural material in various structures:

    • Buildings
    • Bridges
    • Foundations
    • Arches
    • Pavement (Footpath, Streets)
    • Brick Flooring
  2. It are often used as an Aesthetic Unit/Surface Finish

    To achieve different surface designs bricks are often utilized in different colors, sizes and orientations. Following is that the list of places where bricks are often used as an aesthetic material:

    • In Pavements
    • As Facing Brick
    • For Architectural Purposes
    • As a Fire-Resistant Material
  3. Advantages of Bricks
    • Economical (Raw material is definitely available)
    • it's hard and sturdy
    • For ordinary construction compressive strength is sweet enough.
    • Different surface textures are often achieved with different orientations and sizes.
    • Maintenance cost is extremely low.
    • It's very easy to demolish brick structures, which makes it less time consuming and thus economic.
    • Reusable and Recyclable.
    • Highly fire-resistant.
    • During manufacturing process, it produces less environmental pollution.
  4. Disadvantages of Bricks
    • Construction takes time.
    • It can't be utilized in high seismic zones.
    • When not exposed to air it causes fluorescence as bricks absorb water very easily.
    • lastingness is low
    • Mold growth might start on the rough surfaces if not cleaned properly.
    • Cleaning brick surfaces may be a hard job.
    • thanks to exposure to sun for an extended time the colour of low-quality bricks changes.
All you need to know about Bricks